美国亚马逊FBA的长期仓储费用

2016-04-08 21:01 阅读 128 次 评论关闭

自从2011年,对使用Fulfilled by Amazon(FBA)的卖家来说,能够便宜地利用亚马逊作为储存商品的仓库的日子已离去。随着每年亚马逊仓储空间逐渐减少,他们决定想办法来改变FBA卖家的销售习惯。为了降低履行中心销货周期较长的商品存货,亚马逊开始每半年收取一次长期储存费用。

因此,确保有两个日子在你的行事历上是被标注起来的: 2月15号 以及 8月15号。一年之内需要支付11.25美金,一年之后这两个日期意味着你每立方吋的空间将要支付22.50美金的长期储存费用给亚马逊,等同於 一年每立方吋就要支付45美金

美国亚马逊FBA长期仓储费用官方文件:

On February 15 and August 15 of every year, FBA conducts an Inventory Cleanup, at which time inventory units that have been in Amazon fulfillment centers between six and 12 months are assessed a Long-Term Storage Fee of $11.25 per cubic foot. Units that have been in fulfillment centers for 12 months or more on the Inventory Cleanup date are assessed a Long-Term Storage Fee of $22.50 per cubic foot.

To provide additional flexibility to maintain your unique selection, one unit of each applicable product ASIN will be exempt from the semi-annual Long-Term Storage Fee. Please note, FBA accounts for inventory on a first-in, first-out (FIFO) basis when calculating the Long-Term Storage Fee. In practice, physical units are shipped to fill customer orders to optimize for cost and speed of delivery, not on a FIFO basis.

Inventory Cleanup dates Affected inventory Long-Term Storage Fee
(per cubic foot)
August 15
February 15
Units in fulfillment centers
six to 12 months
$11.25
August 15
February 15
Units in fulfillment centers
365 days or longer
$22.50
  • Units in our fulfillment centers for six months or longer are charged Long-Term Storage Fees semi-annually on August 15 and February 15.
  • One unit of each applicable product ASIN will be exempt from the annual Long-Term Storage Fee if none of your units of that ASIN has been in our fulfillment centers for less than six months.

In advance of each Inventory Cleanup, we will notify you of any units in your FBA inventory that will have been in our fulfillment centers for six months or longer as of that date.

Use the Recommended Removals report and the Inventory Health report to identify your inventory that is likely to be included in the Long-Term Storage program during the next Inventory Cleanup event. Products will appear in the Recommended Removals report six weeks prior to the cleanup date.

Examples

Item Dimensions 1 unit (six to 12 months) 1 unit (12 months or longer) 2 units (six to 12 months) 2 units (12 months or longer) 10 units (six to 12 months) 10 units (12 months or longer)
Book 8" X 6" X 1" $0.00 $0.00 $0.32 $0.63 $2.81 $5.63
Toy 11" X 8" X 2" $0.00 $0.00 $1.15 $2.29 $10.31 $20.63

*Assumes all Units have been in the fulfillment center for 365 days or longer.

该留意的细节:
1. 每特定单位的亚马逊标准识别号码 (ASIN) 是不需付费的,除非相同的亚马逊标准识别号码(ASIN)有额外的单位或副本才会收取费用。

2. 亚马逊使用 First In First Out(FIFO)的会计法则,也就是假设较早进货的物件要较先被销售出去。举例而言,10件相同的衣服在 2015 年 1 月透过 FBA 送到仓库,有 8 件在3个月内销售出去,所以在 4 月时你决定增加5件新的存货,代表你总共有 7 件衣服。然而,在 2016年 2 月 15 号的时候,你只需要付 2 件衣服仓储费用,剩馀 5 件衣服的仓储费将会在 2016 年 8 月 15 号那一次的帐单中。

3. 费用只适用於在超过365天仍在履行中心的商品,或是在2月15号及8月15号当天仍有存货的商品。这意味着如果可以将在仓储中心待超过一年的商品在那两个付费日前卖掉,那麽就免於付费。以上一个例子来说,即使5件衣服在仓库存放超过一年,只要在2016年8月15号以前把那五件衣服卖掉,仍可以避免支付仓储费。在库存上,卖家也要掌握好技巧,以及产品的热销度!

所以如果不想支付仓储费用,该怎麽做呢?除了尽可能透过重新定价加快产品销售速度外,也可以选择让商品被摧毁或是退还给你。

根据实际经验,一个商品若是低利润且低销货潜能,那要求亚马逊将商品以每单位0.15美金或是尺寸过大的商品以每单位0.3美金销毁,其实是蛮有道理的。假如卖家认为商品能够在其他管道或是未来销售出去,则卖家可要求亚马逊以每单位0.5美金的费用将商品寄还给卖家,如果商品超过标准尺寸,则是每超出标准单位收0.6美金的费用,并且包含运费在内。

因此为了避免两难的抉择(毕竟最後两个选项都不吸引人),必须先确保自己的商品价格是否俱有竞争力,并且将商品快速地销售出去。

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